Parga :: Comparisson reports


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Lo que dice el Arxiduc:

“There is a deep shade amongst the orange trees, and only where the cedars bear their enormous fruits does the golden sun penetrate. The aroma of lemon and orange blossoms mixes with that of roses and jasmines that decorate the living sedges and nearby homes. There, enormous walnut trees stand out; there, another row of tree after tree, pear trees, quince and apple trees. The pomegranates form a thick bush. At times, we can see through this soft green the greyish green of one of the olive trees covering the hills, the many branches of plane trees near the water, their leaves murmuring when the sea breeze nears. At times, gardens seem wedged into the skirts of the valleys, always watered by a nearby spring. The plane trees can be quite large, growing in valleys near springs and offering pleasant and ample shade.”

“Many of the cedar plantations are found where the ground is most fertile, amidst the shade provided by forests of olive trees or under them. Other gardens, by contrast, are found in places without any other trees, though their edges are protected from the wind by a row of trees: cypresses, arbutus shrubs and pomegranates. From above comes the sun, the forest of olive trees and a belt of trees protecting them all around. In spring, in the marvellous shade of these gardens, enhanced by the bubbling freshness of the nearby water, thousands of nightingales eternally sing their rivalry until the hottest hours of midday. An almost overwhelming aroma of flowers, especially lemon and orange blossoms, fills the air. You don’t know which sense to give greater preference to: sight, sound or smell. All seem to be united to form a harmonic whole, and you barely notice that the total effect comes from all three sources.”

Datos proyecto Nixe III:

Large pine trees (Pinus halepensis) and cypresses (Cupressus sempervirens) predominate in the area around the citadel, with some olive trees (Olea europaea) and a large quantity of grasses.


On Panagia Island, there is a greater presence of conifers (pines and cypresses) and some varieties of orchids, ferns Pteridium aquilinum), Urginea marítima and Arum italicum.






In the area around Ayos Athanasios and the climb up to this church, we had to cross over a hill with an enormous amount of very tall olive trees, many surrounded by a type of vine (Hedra hélix). At the top we saw cypresses and some pine trees.




Around Parga and in the area near Agia Eleni, we saw a large forest of olive trees used primarily to produce oil. Next to the church we saw cypresses, some olive trees and rosemary. In terms of wild flora, we noticed Phlomis fructicosa and Cistus, among others.






The old citadel on the outskirts of Parga is Alí Pascha’s fortress, some ten kilometers away and abandoned for the most part. There we found some wild fig trees growing, with a variety of wild flowers in the area: Verbascum undulatum, Phlomis fructicosa, Nerium oleander, among others.






In terms of naturalized plants, we saw various prickly pears (Opuntia ficus indica) which the Archduke mentioned, especially for their fruit. We also found an invasive though very localized plant, Carpobrotus edulis


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